Spotlight: Mary I


Names: Mary Tudor / Mary I / Bloody Mary

Titles: Princess of Wales / Lady Mary / Queen of England, Ireland and France / Queen of Spain

Dates: 18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558

Spouse: Philip II of Spain 1527-1598

Children: None

Parents: Henry VIII 1491-1547 & Katherine of Aragon 1485-1536

Siblings: Elizabeth I 1533-1603 & Edward VI 1537-1553 (half-siblings)

Noble Connections: Mary was the grand-daughter of Isabella and Ferdinand of Spain. She was also the cousin of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. Her governess was the Countess of Salisbury, and her godparents included the Duchess of Norfolk and the Countess of Devon.

Events of their Lifetime: Births of Elizabeth I 1533 and Edward VI 1537, reigns of Henry VIII d.1547, Edward VI d.1553 and Lady Jane Grey d.1554, Wyatt’s rebellion 1554, Henry VIII’s great matter 1527 onwards.

Controversy: Did Mary I really want to kill Lady Jane Grey, or was she pushed by the prospect of her marriage? Did Mary I really love Philip II of Spain?

Works of Fiction:
Dunn, Suzannah, The Queen’s Sorrow (2008)
Gregory, Philippa, The Queen’s Fool (2004)
Hugo, Victor, Marie Tudor (1833)
Plaidy, Jean, The Shadow of the Crown (1988)
Plaidy, Jean, The Spanish Bridegroom (1954)
Purdy, Emily, Mary and Elizabeth (2011)
Weir, Alison, Innocent Traitor (2007)

Portrayals on Screen:
Lara Belmont, Henry VIII, 2003, directed by Pete Travis
Sarah Bolger, The Tudors, 2008-2010, 23 episodes
Kathy Burke, Elizabeth, 1998, directed by Shekhar Kapur
Francoise Christophe, Marie Tudor, 1966, directed by Abel Gance
Alison Frazer, The Six Wives of Henry VIII, 1970, 2 episodes
Jane Lapotaire, Lady Jane, 1986, directed by Trevor Nunn

Further Reading:
Attreed, Lorraine, ‘Faith and Forgiveness Lessons in Statecraft for Queen Mary Tudor’, Sixteenth Century Journal, 36 (2005)
Doran, Susan, Mary Tudor: Old and New Perspectives (2008)
Duffy, Eamon, Fires of Faith: Catholic England Under Mary Tudor (2009)
Erickson, Carolly, Bloody Mary: the Life of Mary Tudor (1978)
Froude, J.A., The Reign of Mary Tudor (2009)
Harris Harbison, E., ‘French Intrigue at the Court of Queen Mary’, American Historical Review, 45 (1940)
Hunt, Alice, ‘The Monarchical Republic of Mary I’, Historical Journal, 52 (2009)
Loach, Jennifer, Parliament and the Crown in the Reign of Mary Tudor (1986)
Loades, David, Mary Tudor (1989)
Porter, Linda, The First Queen of England: the Myth of Bloody Mary (2007)
Prescott, H.F.M., Mary Tudor: the Spanish Tudor (1970)
Richards, Judith, ‘Mary Tudor as “Sole Quene”? Gendering Tudor Monarchy’, Historical Journal, 40 (1997)
Richards, Judith, Mary Tudor (2008)
Richardson, Walter C., Mary Tudor, the White Queen (1970)
Ridley, Jasper, The Life and Times of Mary Tudor (1973)
Samson, Alexander, ‘Changing Places the Marriage and Royal Entry of Philip Prince of Austria and Mary Tudor 1554’, Sixteenth Century Journal, 36 (2005)
White, Beatrice, Mary Tudor (1935)
Whitelock, Anna, Mary Tudor: Princess, Bastard, Queen (2009)
Whitelock, Anna, ‘Princess Mary’s Household and the Succession Crisis 1553’, Historical Journal, 50 (2007)

Arms:

Arms of Mary I as Queen of England impaled with those of Philip II of Spain
Arms of Mary I as Queen of England impaled with those of Philip II of Spain

Portraits:

Mary I 1544 by Master John.
Mary I 1544 by Master John.
Bronze medal of Mary I 1554 by Jacopo da Trezzo
Bronze medal of Mary I 1554 by Jacopo da Trezzo
Mary I & Philip II of Spain 1558 by Hans Eworth
Mary I & Philip II of Spain 1558 by Hans Eworth
Mary I 1554 by Antonio Moro
Mary I 1554 by Antonio Moro
Mary I 1554 by Hans Eworth
Mary I 1554 by Hans Eworth
Mary I c.1521 by Lucas Horenbout
Mary I c.1521 by Lucas Horenbout
Mary I c.1555-8 by Hans Eworth
Mary I c.1555-8 by Hans Eworth
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