Spotlight: Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk


Name: Thomas Howard

Title/s: 3rd Duke of Norfolk / Earl of Surrey / Earl Marshal / Knight of the Garter

Birth / Death: 1473 – 25 August 1554

Spouse: Anne of York 1475-1511 / Elizabeth Stafford c.1497-1558

Children: Thomas Howard c.1496-1508 (by Anne of York) / Henry Howard Earl of Surrey c.1516-1547 / Mary Howard Duchess of Richmond 1519-1557 / Thomas Viscount Howard 1520-1582 / Muriel Howard (died young) / Katherine Howard ?-1530 (by Elizabeth Stafford)

Parents: Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk 1443-1524 & Elizabeth Tilney c.1445-1497

Siblings: Edward Howard c.1476-1513 / Edmund Howard c.1478-1539 / John Howard / Henry Howard / Charles Howard / Richard Howard / Elizabeth Boleyn, Countess of Wiltshire c.1480-1538 / Muriel Knyvet ?-1512 (full siblings) / William Baron Howard c.1510-1573 / Thomas Howard 1511-1537 / Richard Howard ?-1517 / Dorothy Stanley / Anne de Vere / Catherine, Countess of Bridgewater ?-1554 / Elizabeth, Countess of Sussex ?-1536

Noble Connections: The Howards were one of the great noble families. Two of Norfolk’s nieces became Queens of England – Anne Boleyn and Katherine Howard. His father-in-law was Edward IV of England. His daughter married the illegitimate son of Henry VIII, Henry Fitzroy.

Events of their Lifetime: Accessions of Edward V, Richard III Henry VIII, Edward VI and Mary I; death of Henry VIII 1547; Pilgrimage of Grace 1536; the disappearance of the Princes in the Tower; the Battle of Bosworth Field 1485.

Controversy: Norfolk was supposedly involved in a Catholic conspiracy to take control of the future Edward VI from his uncle, the Earl of Hertford. His son, the Earl of Surrey, was executed for his role in this conspiracy just days before Henry VIII’s death.

Works of Fiction:
Bonnette, Darcey, Secrets of the Tudor Court (2011)
Bonnette, Darcy, Rivals in the Tudor Court (2011)
Ford, Ford Maddox, The Fifth Queen (1906)
Gregory, Philippa, The Other Boleyn Girl (2001)
Gregory, Philippa, The Boleyn Inheritance (2006)

Portrayals on Screen:
Henry Czerny, The Tudors, 2007, 10 episodes
Peter Jeffrey, The Prince and the Pauper, 1996, 6 episodes
David Morrissey, The Other Boleyn Girl, 2008, directed by Justin Chadwick
Mark Strong, Henry VIII, 2003, directed by Pete Travis
Patrick Troughton, The Six Wives of Henry VIII, 1970, 5 episodes

Further Reading:
Head, David M., ‘Beyng Ledde and Seduced by the Devyll the Attainder of Lord Thomas Howard and the Tudor Law of Treason’, Sixteenth Century Journal, 13 (1982)
Hutchinson, Robert, House of Treason: the Rise and Fall of a Tudor Dynasty (2009)
Loades, David, The Boleyns: the Rise and Fall of a Tudor Family (2012)

Arms:

Arms of the Howard Dukes of Norfolk
Arms of the Howard Dukes of Norfolk

Portraits:

Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk by Hans Holbein c.1539
Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk by Hans Holbein c.1539
Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk published by Balthasar Moncornet, after  Hans Holbein the Younger
Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk published by Balthasar Moncornet, after Hans Holbein the Younger
Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, Etching by Lucas Emil Vorsterman c.1624
Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, Etching by Lucas Emil Vorsterman c.1624
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