- January 1559 Elizabeth I was crowned Queen of England
- She was the last of the Tudor dynasty and dazzled the nation and the world
- Elizabeth reigned for 45 years and her ships sailed round the world and defeated the Armada, Shakespeare wrote plays and Spenser wrote poems
- English noblemen and foreign princes wooed her
- Elizabeth was the daughter of Henry VIII
- The right of women to succeed to the throne was still in doubt
- Her father would kill her mother and she would be disinherited.
- Her sister would imprison her in the Tower and threaten to execute her
- She would be molested by her own stepfather
- Most monarch have their crowns handed to them on a plate, but Elizabeth would get hers by cunning and courage
- Elizabeth’s sex was a disappointment to Henry VIII when she was born in September 1533
- Henry already had a daughter, Mary, aged 17
- Elizabeth had a magnificent christening with every detail seen to
- She was declared princess as heir to the throne
- According to the French ambassador the occasion was perfect, and nothing was lacking
- But things were far from perfect as Elizabeth was the child of a second marriage
- The Imperial ambassador refused to attend the baptism and refused to recognise Anne Boleyn as Henry VIII’s wife – referring to Anne as whore and Elizabeth as bastard
- “Hot but not hot enough” – one ambassador when asked if the baby Elizabeth had been baptised in hot or cold water
- Henry VIII divorced his first wife Katherine of Aragon because she didn’t give him a son
- Anne had a stillborn baby boy after 2 miscarriages
- Anne had failed in her principle duty and Henry had fallen in love with another woman
- Anne was accused of multiple adultery with 4 men and incest with her brother
- Anne was executed on Tower Green on 19 May 1536 with a single stroke of a sword rather than an axe
- Elizabeth was only aged 3 when her mother was executed
- Elizabeth seems to have airbrushed her mother from her memory and her father filled her world instead
- Henry and Anne’s marriage was declared null and void
- Elizabeth was made illegitimate and unable to inherit the throne
- She became Lady Elizabeth, second bastard daughter of the king
- Elizabeth’s governess didn’t know what to do and wrote to Cromwell for guidance on Elizabeth’s treatment and clothes
- No one could forget that Elizabeth was Anne’s daughter and it was to marry Anne that Henry had broken with Rome
- The monasteries had fallen victim to Henry’s desire to marry Anne – assets were seized, and the buildings destroyed
- Glastonbury Abbey was one of those that fell
- There was also spiritual damage – out of the ruins would form a new faith which would divide his country and his family
- Just over a year after his marriage to Jane Seymour she gave him a son and heir – Edward
- Elizabeth and Mary were minor royals
- Elizabeth also lost her governess, Lady Bryan, who was transferred to look after the new baby prince
- Kat Ashley replaced Lady Bryan and she became close to Elizabeth
- Her father rarely saw her as she was brought up away from the court
I sometimes get asked what the best books are on the Tudors, or what my favourites are. I’ve decided to list my top 5 here with a short review, trying to mix different topics and styles, though my focus is primarily on the political history and the figures involved in the period rather than the social or military history that I know some people prefer. My favourite books also seem to be largely related to women, as I am fascinated by the ideas of gender and power in the Tudor period.
TITLE – The Life and Death of Anne Boleyn
AUTHOR – Eric Ives
FIRST PUBLISHED – 1986
REVIEW – Eric Ives’s offering about Anne Boleyn is one of the first books I read about Anne Boleyn when I was working on my undergraduate History dissertation. It gripped me from the very start as his arguments are clear and concise, and written in a way that is easy to just get sucked into. He talks about aspects of her life that were overlooked before this point like portraiture, her childhood, and her relationship with her daughter. Ives does Anne justice by not just focusing on the obvious angles.
TITLE – Tudor: The Family Story
AUTHOR – Leanda de Lisle
FIRST PUBLISHED – 2013
REVIEW – I was excited when this book first came out, as it was the most comprehensive history of the Tudor dynasty up to this point. I wasn’t disappointed as it provided detailed biographies of the key figures including those prior to Henry VII taking the throne like his father, grandparents, and assorted other relatives. The book was excellently researched with an extensive bibliography – I’m tempted to call it a Tudor Bible! A must-read for any Tudor historians to keep on their bookshelf.Continue reading “Top 5 Tudor Non-Fiction Books”
In the Tudor world, the month of May tends to be seen as Anne Boleyn month where the internet (and me, I have to admit!) goes a bit bananas over Henry VIII’s second wife. Of course, she was executed on the 19th of the month in 1536 on what is now generally accepted as fabricated charges of adultery, incest and treason. Those hellish weeks were immortalised in verse by Sir Thomas Wyatt the Younger:
“These bloody days have broken my heart.
My lust, my youth did them depart,
And blind desire of estate.
Who hastes to climb seeks to revert.
Of truth, circa Regna tonat.”Thomas Wyatt, ‘Circa Regna Tonat’
Those chilling last words translate from the Latin to “thunder rolls around the throne” – well it certainly did when Henry VIII was sitting on the throne.
But what else happened in May in England in the Tudor period?
- 3rd May 1544 – Thomas Wriothesley was made Lord Chancellor of England
- 4th May 1547 – Katherine Parr married her fourth husband, Thomas Seymour
- 6th May 1541 – Henry VIII ordered a new Bible placed in every church
- 8th May 1559 – Elizabeth I assented to new Acts of Supremacy and Uniformity
- 9th May 1509 – Henry VII’s body was taken to St Paul’s Cathedral from his place of death at Richmond Palace
- 10th May 1533 – The Dunstable enquiry opened under Archbishop Cranmer which resulted in the annulment of Henry VIII’s marriage to Katherine of Aragon
- 11th May 1500 – Birth of Reginald Pole, later Archbishop of Canterbury under Mary I
- 13th May 1516 – Henry VIII’s sister, Mary Tudor, married Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk at Greenwich Palace
- 15th May 1567 – Mary Queen of Scots married James Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell
- 16th May 1532 – Thomas More resigned as Lord Chancellor of England
- 17th May 1521 – Execution of Edward Stafford, Duke of Buckingham, for treason
- 19th May 1499 – Katherine of Aragon was married by proxy to Prince Arthur, elder brother of Henry VIII
- 19th May 1554 – Mary I released Princess Elizabeth from imprisonment in the Tower of London
- 25th May 1553 – Jane Grey married Guildford Dudley
- 26th May 1520 – Henry VIII and Katherine of Aragon met the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at Dover
- 27th May 1541 – Execution of Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury, for treason
- 29th May 1543 – Katherine Parr’s ‘Prayers’ or ‘Meditations’ was published
- 30th May 1529 – The court at Blackfriars opened to try the marriage of Henry VIII and Katherine of Aragon
- 30th May 1536 – Henry VIII married Jane Seymour
So why Anne Boleyn?
With all these other events happening in May, why the focus on Anne Boleyn? Possibly because her fall was so spectacular and her execution so unexpected. Never before had an English queen been executed, and there was so much controversy surrounding the charges and the men accused with her. I mean, incest? And not just adultery with one man, but five, one her own brother? Unparalleled and shocking and still so many unanswered questions which draw historians back to her time after time, year after year.
Fascination with the unanswered and inherently shocking will never go away, no matter how old the mystery, and this one is now 484 years old.
Other posts which discuss Anne Boleyn
Undergraduate Dissertation Chapter – Why Did Anne Boleyn Fall from Power?
In Memory of Anne Boleyn – Why Does She Still Fascinate Us?
The Legacy of Anne Boleyn
I thought I’d do a walkthrough of my history bookshelves, as pictures on my Instagram of different books that I’ve bought or been sent by publishers are always very popular. If there’s one thing I’ve learnt through the #HistoryGirls community on Instagram, it’s that historians and history lovers are always looking for new reading material!
And, no, before anyone asks, I haven’t read all of these yet. I’m steadily working my way through them. I’ve had some very lovely publishers (The History Press and Pen & Sword Books) send me some complimentary copies for review and these are currently top of my list, though this lockdown has slowed me down rather than speeding me up! I promise, I will get there.
Shelf 1 – Monarchy and Wars of the Roses
This shelf starts with my books on the monarchy in general, before moving onto the Plantagenets, Wars of the Roses, Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville, the Princes in the Tower, and Richard III.
From left to right:
- John Burke – An Illustrated History of England
- David Loades – The Kings and Queens of England
- J.P. Brooke-Little – Royal Heraldry: Beasts and Badges of Britain
- The Royal Line of Succession: Official Souvenir Guide
- Andrew Gimson – Kings and Queens: Brief Lives of the Monarchs Since 1066
- David Starkey – Monarchy: England and Her Rulers from the Tudors to the Windsors
- Mike Ashley – A Brief History of British Kings and Queens
- Elizabeth Norton – She Wolves: The Notorious Queens of England
- Alison Weir – Britain’s Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy
- Peter Ackroyd – History of England Volume 1: Foundation
- E.F. Jacob – The Fifteenth Century 1399-1485
- Ian Mortimer – The Time Traveller’s Guide to Medieval England
- Desmond Seward – The Demon’s Brood: The Plantagenet Dynasty That Forged the English Nation
- David Grummitt – A Short History of the Wars of the Roses
- Desmond Seward – A Brief History of the Wars of the Roses
- Sarah Gristwood – Blood Sisters: The Women Behind the Wars of the Roses
- Michael Jones – Bosworth 1485: Psychology of a Battle
- John Ashdown-Hill – Elizabeth Widville: Edward IV’s Chief Mistress and the ‘Pink Queen’
- Amy Licence – Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville: A True Romance
- Jeffrey James – Edward IV: Glorious Son of York
- Andrew Beattie – Following in the Footsteps of the Princes in the Tower
- Alison Weir – The Princes in the Tower
- David Horspool – Richard III: A Ruler and His Reputation
- Philippa Langley & Michael Jones – The Search for Richard III: The King’s Grave
- Michael Hicks – The Family of Richard III
- Kristie Dean – The World of Richard III
- Amy Licence – Richard III: The Road to Leicester
- Matthew Lewis – Richard III: Fact and Fiction
- Peter A. Hancock – Richard III and the Murder in the Tower
- Matthew Lewis – Richard III: Loyalty Binds Me
Shelf 2 – General Tudors and Henry VII
This shelf consists of all my books on the Tudor dynasty as a whole, then just manages to start Henry VII and Elizabeth of York on the end.
From left to right:
- David Loades – Chronicles of the Tudor Kings
- Frances Wilkins – Growing Up in Tudor Times
- Peter Marsden – 1545: Who Sank the Mary Rose?
- Rosemary Weinstein – Tudor London
- Peter Ackroyd – The History of the England Volume 2: Tudors
- Amy Licence – In Bed with the Tudors: The Sex Lives of a Dynasty from Elizabeth of York to Elizabeth I
- Leanda de Lisle – Tudor: The Family Story
- David Loades – The Tudors: History of a Dynasty
- Chris Skidmore – The Rise of the Tudors: The Family That Changed English History
- Terry Breverton – Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About the Tudors But Were Afraid to Ask
- Tracy Borman – The Private Lives of the Tudors
- Timothy Venning – An Alternative History of Britain: The Tudors
- Kirsten Claiden-Yardley – The Man Behind the Tudors: Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk
- A Guide to Tudor and Jacobean Portraits
- John Matusiak – A History of the Tudors in 100 Objects
- David Loades – The Tudor Queens of England
- Alex Woolf – The Tudor Kings and Queens
- Carola Hicks – The King’s Glass: A Story of Tudor Power and Secret Art
- J.D. Mackie – The Earlier Tudors 1485-1558
- Annie Bullen – The Little Book of the Tudors
- Alison Weir – The Lost Tudor Princess
- Alison Plowden – The House of Tudor
- Dave Tonge – Tudor Folk Tales
- Jane Bingham – The Tudors: The Kings and Queens of England’s Golden Age
- Elizabeth Norton – The Lives of Tudor Women
- Ruth Goodman – How to be a Tudor
- Jasper Ridley – A Brief History of the Tudor Age
- G.J. Meyer – The Tudors: The Complete Story of England’s Most Notorious Dynasty
- John Guy – The Tudors: A Very Short Introduction
- Christopher Morris – The Tudors
- Phil Carradice – Following in the Footsteps of Henry Tudor
Shelf 3 – Henry VIII and the Six Wives
This shelf has the rest of my books about Henry VII and Elizabeth of York, all of my Henry VIII books and those overarching books about the Six Wives.
From left to right:
- Thomas Penn – Winter King: The Dawn of Tudor England
- Alison Weir – Elizabeth of York: The First Tudor Queen
- Joan MacAlpine – The Shadow of the Tower: Henry VII and His Background
- David Loades – Henry VIII
- David Starkey – Henry: Virtuous Prince
- John Matusiak – Martyrs of Henry VIII: Repression, Defiance, Sacrifice
- J.J. Scarisbrick – Henry VIII
- George Cavendish – The Life of Cardinal Wolsey
- John Guy – The Children of Henry VIII
- Robert Hutchinson – Young Henry: The Rise of Henry VIII
- Alison Weir – Children of England: The Heirs of King Henry VIII
- John Matusiak – Henry VIII: The Life and Rule of England’s Nero
- Philippa Jones – The Other Tudors: Henry VIII’s Mistresses and Bastards
- Kelly Hart – The Mistresses of Henry VIII
- Alison Weir – Henry VIII: King and Court
- David Starkey – The Reign of Henry VIII: Personalities and Politics
- Robert Hutchinson – Thomas Cromwell: The Rise and Fall of Henry VIII’s Most Notorious Minister
- Derek Wilson – A Brief History of Henry VIII
- Robert Hutchinson – The Last Days of Henry VIII
- Sarah Morris & Natalie Grueninger – In the Footsteps of the Six Wives of Henry VIII
- Amy Licence – The Six Wives and Many Mistresses of Henry VIII
- Karen Lindsey – Divorced, Beheaded, Survived: A Feminist Reinterpretation of the Wives of Henry VIII
- Alison Weir – The Six Wives of Henry VIII
- Lauren Mackay – Inside the Tudor Court: Henry VIII and His Six Wives Through the Eyes of the Spanish Ambassador
- Antonia Fraser – The Six Wives of Henry VIII
- David Starkey – Six Wives: The Queens of Henry VIII
Shelf 4 – Six Wives
This shelf is broken down into books on each of the Six Wives – Katherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn (by far the biggest section, as you can see!), Jane Seymour (zero books), Anne of Cleves (zero books), Katherine Howard and Katherine Parr.
From left to right:
- David Loades – The Six Wives of Henry VIII
- Amy Licence – Catherine of Aragon: An Intimate Life of Henry VIII’s True Wife
- Giles Tremlett – Catherine of Aragon: Henry’s Spanish Queen
- Patrick Williams – Katharine of Aragon
- Paul Friedmann – Anne Boleyn
- Elizabeth Norton – Anne Boleyn: In Her Own Words and the Words of Those Who Knew Her
- Alison Weir – The Lady in the Tower: The Fall of Anne Boleyn
- Elizabeth Norton – The Boleyn Women: The Tudor Femmes Fatales Who Changed English History
- David Loades – The Boleyns: The Rise and Fall of a Tudor Family
- Amy Licence – Anne Boleyn: Adultery, Heresy, Desire
- Lissa Chapman – Anne Boleyn in London
- Lacey Baldwin Smith – Anne Boleyn: The Queen of Controversy
- Susan Bordo – The Creation of Anne Boleyn: In Search of the Tudors’ Most Notorious Queen
- Alison Weir – Mary Boleyn: The Great and Infamous Whore
- Carolly Erickson – Mistress Anne
- Eric Ives – The Life and Death of Anne Boleyn
- Francis Bacon – The Tragedy of Anne Boleyn
- Love Letters of Henry VIII to Anne Boleyn
- Retha Warnicke – The Rise and Fall of Anne Boleyn
- Josephine Wilkinson – Mary Boleyn: The True Story of Henry VIII’s Favourite Mistress
- Josephine Wilkinson – Anne Boleyn: The Young Queen to Be
- Elizabeth Norton – Anne Boleyn: Henry VIII’s Obsession
- G.W. Bernard – Anne Boleyn: Fatal Attractions
- Joanna Denny – Anne Boleyn
- Marie Louise Bruce – Anne Boleyn
- Josephine Wilkinson – Katherine Howard: The Tragic Story of Henry VIII’s Fifth Queen
- Conor Byrne – Katherine Howard: Henry VIII’s Slandered Queen
- Robert Hutchinson – House of Treason: The Rise and Fall of a Tudor Dynasty
- Linda Porter – Katherine the Queen: The Remarkable Life of Katherine Parr, the Last Wife of Henry VIII
Shelf 5 – The Later Tudors
This shelf goes through Edward VI, Jane Grey, Mary I and Elizabeth I, onto Mary Queen of Scots and the English Reformation. As you can probably tell from the number of books on the later Tudors compared to the likes of Henry VIII, my primary focus is on the earlier period.
From left to right:
- Hester Chapman – The Last Tudor King: A Study of Edward VI
- Leanda de Lisle – The Sisters Who Would Be Queen: Mary, Katherine and Lady Jane Grey
- Nicola Tallis – Crown of Blood: The Deadly Inheritance of Lady Jane Grey
- Alison Plowden – Lady Jane Grey: Nine Days Queen
- Anna Whitelock – Mary Tudor: Princess, Bastard, Queen
- Phil Carradice – Bloody Mary: Tudor Terror 1553-1558
- J.A. Froude – The Reign of Mary Tudor
- Alison Plowden – Elizabethan England
- David Cecil – The Cecils of Hatfield House
- Robert Stedall – Elizabeth I’s Secret Lover: Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester
- John Guy – Elizabeth: The Forgotten Years
- Anna Whitelock – Elizabeth’s Bedfellows: An Intimate History of the Queen’s Court
- Carole Levin – The Heart and Stomach of a King: Elizabeth I and the Politics of Sex and Power
- J.B. Black – The Reign of Elizabeth 1558-1603
- David Birt – Elizabeth’s England
- Robert Hutchinson – Elizabeth’s Spymaster: Francis Walsingham and the Secret War That Saved England
- David Starkey – Elizabeth
- Nicola Tallis – Elizabeth’s Rival: The Tumultuous Tale of Lettice Knollys, Countess of Leicester
- Chris Skidmore – Death and the Virgin: Elizabeth, Dudley and the Mysterious Fate of Amy Robsart
- Alison Weir – Elizabeth the Queen
- David & Judy Steel – Mary Stuart’s Scotland
- Mary Was Here: Where Mary Queen of Scots Went and What She Did There
- Antonia Fraser – Mary Queen of Scots
- Lynda Telford – Tudor Victims of the Reformation
- Diarmaid MacCulloch – Reformation: Europe’s House Divided 1490-1700
- Derek Wilson – A Brief History of the English Reformation
Shelf 6 – Palaces and Places
The bottom shelf currently stores largely my guidebooks and BBC History magazines, along with a couple of my more general history books.
From left to right:
- David Souden – The Royal Palaces of London
- Christopher Hibbert – Tower of London
- The Private Life of Palaces
- Simon Thurley – Houses of Power: The Places That Shaped the Tudor World
- Suzannah Lipscomb – A Journey Through Tudor England
- Nigel Jones – Tower: An Epic History of the Tower of London
- Terry Deary – The Peasants’ Revolting … Crimes
- Merry Wiesner-Hanks – Women and Gender in Early Modern Europe
- Richard III and Henry VII Experience in York
- Belsay Hall, Castle and Gardens
- Framlingham Castle
- The Jewel Tower
- The Palace of Westminster
- Westminster Abbey
- The Church of Saint Michael at Framlingham
- St George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle
- Tower of London
- Hampton Court Palace
- The Mary Rose
- Imperial War Museum London
- Windsor Castle
- Tower Bridge
Are there any books missing that you would thoroughly recommend? Sound off in the comments!
In 1919 after the First World War Alexander Woollcott returned to New York. Sarah Victor was working in the kitchen of the Algonquin Hotel and Woollcott had a sweet tooth so indulged in their deserts. A group of writers, critics and actors gathered at the hotel to discuss and debate. They dubbed themselves “The Vicious Circle” initially as a joke. The circle lasted for around 10 years and several of its members acquired international reputations.
Below I’ve chosen some historical figures that I’d have at my historical Algonquin table.
Anne Boleyn and Elizabeth I
Having mother and daughter in the same room would be amazing – to find out how Anne Boleyn’s fate influenced Elizabeth, and to have the pair be able to talk to each other and see how they interact. Anne died when Elizabeth was aged only 2 ½ so they never really knew each other. That relationship between the two of them has always fascinated me, because Anne had a huge influence on Elizabeth even though she never knew her. Having studied Tudor history for many years Anne Boleyn and Elizabeth I were two of the most fascinating figures to me.
Researching the Tudors, which is my favourite period of history, you can’t fail to come across Richard III and his defeat at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485. From this developed my interest in Richard as a person and a king, and my interest in the mystery of what happened to the Princes in the Tower. One of the questions I would love to ask Richard would be what happened to the princes and was he responsible for their disappearance (and murder?). I would also really want to know about his relationship with his niece, Elizabeth of York, as rumours were that they were romantically involved.
Louis XIV of France
Inside the mind of the man who built the Palace of Versailles would be an interesting place to be. A lot of people probably expect his inclusion on the list to be a result of the TV show Versailles. I studied the French Revolution in sixth form, and the whole way that the French monarchy worked and the way that social change resulted in the execution of a monarch really just highlighted to me the earlier French religious wars, which were at their peak in the 17th century. I’ve always been interested in palaces and castles as well, and Versailles is probably one of the most famous in the world.
I’ve always been fascinated by Oscar Wilde – we read ‘A Woman of No Importance’ in sixth form which I loved, and we discussed Wilde’s life in brief, which I found intriguing. I wanted to know more, hence the inclusion of Oscar Wilde in this list. Wilde’s friendships and acquaintances were wide-ranging, and his conviction for gross indecency, imprisonment and early death made him even more famous. His writings include ‘The Picture of Dorian Gray’ and ‘The Importance of Being Earnest’. It would be absolutely fascinating to try and understand his emotions and actions.
George Gordon, Lord Byron
After reading ‘Don Juan’ while at sixth form I realised just how interesting Byron’s life was – all I knew prior to studying ‘Don Juan’ was that Byron was the father of mathematician Ada Lovelace and had several affairs, dying in Greece. I never realised that, for example, that Byron married Annabella MIlbanke at Seaham Hall, just south across the Rivers Tyne and Wear from where I live. It is a beautiful place to visit, and I think that the local connection made his life seem more real really. His affair with Caroline Lamb, wife of prime minister, Lord Melbourne, made his life truly scandalous.
Who would you have at a historical Algonquin table? Sound off in the comments!
Looking around my study I have quite a few things that I’ve collected or been given over the years since I started researching (or became obsessed with!) the Tudors.
Check out some gift ideas for that Tudor-lover in your life, or just to treat yourself if the mood takes you!
One thing that I have that I particularly love are my Tudor rubber ducks – I have Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, which were a Birthday present from my sister, and William Shakespeare, which was a lovely surprise from a good friend left on my desk at work after I handed in my Masters’ dissertation.
The Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn rubber ducks can be ordered from Hever Castle, and the Shakespeare one can be ordered direct from the manufacturer at Yarto, or there is a slightly different one sold by the RSC. Of course you can explore the rest Hever Castle’s shop online as there are plenty of gorgeous things you can give as gifts, particularly if you love Anne Boleyn.
https://shop.rsc.org.uk/products/shakespeare-rubber-duck (Shakespeare)Continue reading “Tudor Gift Ideas”
Broadcaster Jenni Murray’s history of Britain through 21 revolutionary women holds up a new mirror to the past, a catalogue of inspirational lives delivered with wit and verve. They were famous queens, unrecognised visionaries, great artists and trailblazing politicians. They all pushed back boundaries and revolutionised our world. Jenni Murray presents the history of Britain as you’ve never seen it before, through the lives of twenty-one women who refused to succumb to the established laws of society, whose lives embodied hope and change, and who still have the power to inspire us today. [Description from Waterstones]
I really enjoyed this book. I listened to it as an audiobook read by the author, Jenni Murray. She really brings the lives of these women to life and into the modern day, particularly the 17th and 18th century women like Mary Seacole, Ada Lovelace and Mary Somerville. I hadn’t even heard of some of the women, but they all seem like very sensible and imminent suggestions and I want to know more!
The history of these women is explored in great detail, looking briefly at their upbringing and relationships with their family and others around them, before moving on to their achievements and why they deserve inclusion in the list. Murray acknowledges that some of the women included on the list may be controversial, but she manages to explain why each is important and deserves inclusion, even if you might personally disagree or prefer someone else.
There is a lot of focus on the movement for gender equality and women’s rights, which I suppose is understandable, and most of the women come from the 18th century or later, again understandable I suppose, but disappointing. There just isn’t enough surviving evidence about these earlier women to justify a chapter, and women had a lot less freedom to make an impact anyway. As we can see from the list of women covered in the book, women in the earlier period are leaders and queens rather than women in other fields.
The writing style is clear and concise and easy to follow. I was listening to this at work and I don’t feel like I missed a single detail, even though I was focusing on something else. Even when I had to take a break from listening I wanted to get back to it and find out more about these women, some of whom I hadn’t really heard of before or didn’t really know anything about.
What I did like about this book is that every woman is discussed in her own right in her own times, largely without 21st century bias, and giving credit to others where it was due. It’s a really interesting take on the history of women, choosing just 21 from across history.
This is a really interesting read, even if you are looking for something quite light – it isn’t too heavy in detail or complicated concepts. If you have an interest in history, particularly in the role of women in history I would thoroughly recommend this book!
The 21 women discussed in this book are:
- Elizabeth I
- Aphra Behn
- Caroline Herschel
- Fanny Burney
- Mary Wollstonecraft
- Jane Austen
- Mary Somerville
- Mary Seacole
- Ada Lovelace
- Elizabeth Garrett Anderson
- Millicent Garrett Fawcett
- Emmeline Parkhurst
- Ethel Smythe
- Constance Markievicz
- Gwen John
- Nancy Astor
- Barbara Castle
- Margaret Thatcher
- Mary Quant
- Nicola Sturgeon
On hallowed ground… With over three thousand burials and memorials, including seventeen monarchs, life for the ghostly community of Westminster Abbey was never going to be a quiet one. Add in some fiery Tudor tempers, and several centuries-old feuds, and things can only go one way: chaotic. Against the backdrop of England’s most important church, though, it isn’t all tempers and tantrums. Poets’ Corner hosts poetry battles and writing workshops, and close friendships form across the ages. With the arrival of Mary Queen of Scots, however, battle ensues. Will Queens Mary I and Elizabeth I ever find their common ground, and lasting peace? [Description from Amazon UK]
Kindred Spirits #3
Another great novel from Jennifer Wilson. I absolutely adore this series, and I’m really hoping for a book eventually set around Windsor with Henry VIII, Jane Seymour, Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville. I think that would be great. I did thoroughly enjoy this installment in the series though because there were so many different characters from different periods coming together and it was interesting to see how those relationships developed.
This one focuses on the kings and queens, and literary and scientific minds buried or commemorated at Westminster. I loved the developing relationship between Richard III and Henry VII and I understand that this is explored more in the fourth book in the series based in York. As for the relationship between Mary I and Elizabeth I, I can imagine that this is actually how the two would have been in real life had they been raised as siblings rather than rivals for the throne. All siblings argue and fight, but these two took it to the next level.
It’s history but not as we know and Wilson’s knowledge of and passion for medieval and early modern history is obvious as she brings historical figures into the present, without losing the sense of who they were in their own time. One of my favourite moments was when Anne of Cleves snuck onto the Abbey computer to alter her Wikipedia page and any references to ‘Flander’s Mare’, and the reappearance of Richard III, who I loved in ‘Kindred Spirits: Tower of London’.
This series is so unique, and very cleverly done. You can tell that a great amount of research has gone into the book, as there are little titbits of historical fact, as well as the ghosts trying to dispel, or arguing about, rumours swirling about their lives. It’s really interesting to read and imagine what these historical figures would think about how we view them today, and what they would make of today’s world, incredibly distant from what they knew in their lives. I want more, please, Jennifer!?
Another bonus is that is was written by an author who lives in the same area as me! Well-written and worth a read for anyone with an interest in historical fiction, or historical ghost stories, rumours and a bit of humour thrown in!
Lettice Knollys was the wife of two great nobles – Walter Devereux, Earl of Essex, and Elizabeth I’s favourite, Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester. It is also possible that she was an illegitimate granddaughter of Henry VIII through her grandmother, Mary Boleyn’s, affair with Henry, possibly resulting in her mother, Catherine Carey. Lettice lived in the reigns of six different monarchs – Henry VIII, Edward VI, Mary I, Elizabeth I, James I and Charles I.
Name: Lettice Knollys (at birth) / Lettice Devereux (married name) / Lettice Dudley (married name)
Title/s: Viscountess Hereford /Countess of Essex /Countess of Leicester
Birth: 8 November 1543 at Rotherfield Greys, Oxfordshire, England
Death: 25 December 1634 at Drayton Bassett, Staffordshire, England
Burial: Beauchamp Chapel of the Collegiate Church of St Mary, Warwick, England
Spouse: Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex 1541-1576 / Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester 1532-1588 / Sir Christopher Blount c.1555 – 1601
Children: (by Walter Devereux) Penelope Blount, Countess of Devonshire c.1563-1607 / Dorothy Percy, Countess of Northumberland c.1564-1619 / Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex 1565-1601 / Walter Devereux 1569-1591 / (by Robert Dudley) Robert Dudley, Baron Denbigh 1579-1584
Parents: Sir Francis Knollys c.1511-1596 & Catherine Carey c.1524-1569
Siblings: Sir Henry Knollys c.1541-1582 / Mary Stalker 1542-1593 / William Knollys, 1st Earl of Banbury c.1544-1632 / Edward Knollys 1546-1580 / Sir Robert Knollys 1547-1626 / Elizabeth Leighton 1549-c.1605 / Richard Knollys 1552-1596 / Sir Thomas Knollys c.1558-c.1596 / Sir Francis Knollys c.1552-1643 / Anne West, Baroness de la Warr 1555-1608 / Katherine Fitzgerald, Baroness Offaley c.1560-1632 / Dudley Knollys 1562-1562
Noble Connections: Lettice was the grand-daughter of Mary Boleyn through her daughter, Catherine Carey, and thus the great-niece of Anne Boleyn, second wife to Henry VIII. Lettice’s mother was a favourite of Elizabeth I and Lettice herself married Elizabeth’s favourite, Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, as her second husband, having first been married to Walter Devereux, Earl of Essex.Continue reading “Who Was … Lettice Knollys, Countess of Leicester?”
Timothy Venning, An Alternative History of Britain: the Tudors (Barnsley: Pen and Sword Books, 2014) ISBN 9781783462728
Thank you to Pen and Sword Books for the chance to read this book in exchange for an honest review.
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I had been wanting to read this book for a while, so when I was given the chance to get a review copy, I was thrilled! I also wasn’t disappointed, as I thought that this book was thoroughly engaging and I just wanted to keep reading. The chapters each deal with a separate issue running chronologically through the Tudor period, though I could have done with more around Henry VII and the rebellions against his reign – what could have happened had one of them succeeded?
The sections I found particularly interesting were the ones on Henry VIII’s tiltyard accident of January 1536 and Jane Grey. They are two instances which have always really interested me, as it has been suggested that Henry’s tiltyard accident resulted in a change of personality and, had Jane Grey managed to hold onto the throne, would we still have had Queen Elizabeth I? There are questions stemming from questions in this book, and it covers a lot of the major possibilities, while also intertwining some of the more minor decisions that were made.