First Broadcast 14.06.2013
Craftsmen, architects, writers, explorers, etc
Middle-classes who will radically alter our nation
Provinces – Stratford-upon-Avon = small-town merchants where money is king
Towns are driving social change
1570s buzz in the air, traders on the high street 6 days a week = wool merchants, butchers, bakers, tailors, etc
Great names of the age emerge from these towns – leave a lasting impact on society
William Shakespeare = upwardly mobile family, father a glover, tanyard at the back of the house
Unpleasant smells, chimneys come into vogue – can now heat every room in the home, can rise above one floor and keep them heated, cheap bricks Continue reading “‘The Time Traveller’s Guide to Elizabethan England’ Part 3 ‘Brave New World’”
First Broadcast 07.06.2013
Elite of society
Paintings from the period focus on the rich – dancing, feasts, furs, silks
Confidence, privilege, wealth, power – doubt, uncertainty, fear
Those who have the most also have the most to lose
Hampton Court Palace = keeping up appearances, Elizabeth I inherited 20 palaces and gave 7 away, packed with the possessions of Henry VIII
Need a letter of introduction – need money
Strict hierarchy – status denoted by clothes, changed by the years, eclectic mix of styles from all over the continent
Queen encourages a feminine look, oversized codpieces gone, allowed to reveal cleavage, but not bare arms or legs = become more lavish as Elizabeth’s reign progresses Continue reading “The Time Traveller’s Guide to Elizabethan England Part 2 ‘The Rich’”
First Broadcast 31.05.2013
“Continual struggle to survive.”
Quarter of England was wild heaths, moors and forests – no roads, only paths. Dangerous.
Cottages were dark – no light, very basic. Earth floor, one fire always lit, very smoky, holes in walls.
Candles were expensive – most only had a few possessions, pots and pan, a bench, a basket, a straw mattress.
Hierarchical society = rigid class system ordained by God.
Yeoman employs workers and owns land. Husbander rents land. Labourers work on other people’s land.
Most people work on the land dawn until sunset.
Pay for a full day = 1 groat. Also equals 4p=4d. Chicken costs 4p a day to keep. Buys a small amount of ale a day, meat and fish for a week. Not enough to raise a family. Continue reading “The Time Traveller’s Guide to Elizabethan England Part 1 ‘The Common People’”