- January 1559 Elizabeth I was crowned Queen of England
- She was the last of the Tudor dynasty and dazzled the nation and the world
- Elizabeth reigned for 45 years and her ships sailed round the world and defeated the Armada, Shakespeare wrote plays and Spenser wrote poems
- English noblemen and foreign princes wooed her
- Elizabeth was the daughter of Henry VIII
- The right of women to succeed to the throne was still in doubt
- Her father would kill her mother and she would be disinherited.
- Her sister would imprison her in the Tower and threaten to execute her
- She would be molested by her own stepfather
- Most monarch have their crowns handed to them on a plate, but Elizabeth would get hers by cunning and courage
- Elizabeth’s sex was a disappointment to Henry VIII when she was born in September 1533
- Henry already had a daughter, Mary, aged 17
- Elizabeth had a magnificent christening with every detail seen to
- She was declared princess as heir to the throne
- According to the French ambassador the occasion was perfect, and nothing was lacking
- But things were far from perfect as Elizabeth was the child of a second marriage
- The Imperial ambassador refused to attend the baptism and refused to recognise Anne Boleyn as Henry VIII’s wife – referring to Anne as whore and Elizabeth as bastard
- “Hot but not hot enough” – one ambassador when asked if the baby Elizabeth had been baptised in hot or cold water
- Henry VIII divorced his first wife Katherine of Aragon because she didn’t give him a son
- Anne had a stillborn baby boy after 2 miscarriages
- Anne had failed in her principle duty and Henry had fallen in love with another woman
- Anne was accused of multiple adultery with 4 men and incest with her brother
- Anne was executed on Tower Green on 19 May 1536 with a single stroke of a sword rather than an axe
- Elizabeth was only aged 3 when her mother was executed
- Elizabeth seems to have airbrushed her mother from her memory and her father filled her world instead
- Henry and Anne’s marriage was declared null and void
- Elizabeth was made illegitimate and unable to inherit the throne
- She became Lady Elizabeth, second bastard daughter of the king
- Elizabeth’s governess didn’t know what to do and wrote to Cromwell for guidance on Elizabeth’s treatment and clothes
- No one could forget that Elizabeth was Anne’s daughter and it was to marry Anne that Henry had broken with Rome
- The monasteries had fallen victim to Henry’s desire to marry Anne – assets were seized, and the buildings destroyed
- Glastonbury Abbey was one of those that fell
- There was also spiritual damage – out of the ruins would form a new faith which would divide his country and his family
- Just over a year after his marriage to Jane Seymour she gave him a son and heir – Edward
- Elizabeth and Mary were minor royals
- Elizabeth also lost her governess, Lady Bryan, who was transferred to look after the new baby prince
- Kat Ashley replaced Lady Bryan and she became close to Elizabeth
- Her father rarely saw her as she was brought up away from the court
Episode 1 – Battle for the Throne, aired 09.05.2017
Elizabeth I was England’s greatest queen – strong-willed, passionate and brave
Vulnerable woman surrounded by danger
Enemies scheming for her crown and plotting against her life
Would never know a moment’s peace
From the minute of her birth she was thrust into a bloody game – life and death
Never knew who to trust and who to fear
Hopes, fears, enemies who stalked her at every turn
What drove her enemies? Risks? Plots? How close they came to destroying Elizabeth
Elizabeth fell prey to a ruthless lord, sister’s love turns murderous
Name: Kat Ashley / Katherine Ashley / Katherine Champernowne
Title/s: Lady Ashley
Birth / Death: c.1502 – c.1565
Spouse: Sir John Ashley 1507-1595 (m. 1545)
Parents: Sir John Champernowne 1458-1503 & Margaret Courtenay c.1459-1504
Noble Connections: Her niece, Joan Champernowne, married Sir Anthony Denny, a close confidante of Henry VIII. She became the governess of Princess Elizabeth (later Elizabeth I) and was her Chief Lady of the Bedchamber when Elizabeth became queen. Katherine married John Ashley, Elizabeth’s senior gentleman attendant, and a relation of Anne Boleyn. Continue reading “Spotlight – Kat Ashley”
Aragon, Katherine of = First Queen to Henry VIII, marriage annulled 1533, died 1536.
Ashley, Kat = Governess and close friend to Elizabeth I from her childhood. Died 1565.
Aske, Robert = One of the leaders of the Pilgrimage of Grace in 1536. Executed 1537.
Beaufort, Margaret = Mother to Henry VII. Outlived her son and saw the accession of her grandson, Henry VIII.
Blount, Bessie = Henry VIII’s mistress, and the only one to give him an acknowledged illegitimate child – Henry Fitzroy.
Boleyn, Anne = Second Queen to Henry VIII, executed 1536 for adultery and incest.
Boleyn, George = Brother to Henry VIII’s second Queen. Accused of adultery and incest with his sister. Executed 1536.
Boleyn, Mary = Sister of Henry VIII’s second Queen. Mistress of Henry VIII. Died 1543.
Brandon, Charles Duke of Suffolk and best friend to Henry VIII. Married Henry VIII’s sister, Mary. Died 1546. Continue reading “Who’s Who of Tudor History”
Alison Weir, The Marriage Game (London: Hutchinson, 2014) 432 pages, Hardback, ISBN 978-0-0919-26250
Genre/s: = Historical / Drama / Romance
Setting: = London, Kenilworth and Hatfield (England)
Characters: = Elizabeth I of England / Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester / Mary, Queen of Scots / Lettice Dudley, Countess of Leicester / Katherine Knollys / Kat Astley / William Cecil, Baron Burghley / Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex / Christopher Hatton / Sir Francis Drake / Sir Walter Raleigh / Francis Walsingham Continue reading “Book Review – ‘The Marriage Game’ by Alison Weir”