- January 1559 Elizabeth I was crowned Queen of England
- She was the last of the Tudor dynasty and dazzled the nation and the world
- Elizabeth reigned for 45 years and her ships sailed round the world and defeated the Armada, Shakespeare wrote plays and Spenser wrote poems
- English noblemen and foreign princes wooed her
- Elizabeth was the daughter of Henry VIII
- The right of women to succeed to the throne was still in doubt
- Her father would kill her mother and she would be disinherited.
- Her sister would imprison her in the Tower and threaten to execute her
- She would be molested by her own stepfather
- Most monarch have their crowns handed to them on a plate, but Elizabeth would get hers by cunning and courage
- Elizabeth’s sex was a disappointment to Henry VIII when she was born in September 1533
- Henry already had a daughter, Mary, aged 17
- Elizabeth had a magnificent christening with every detail seen to
- She was declared princess as heir to the throne
- According to the French ambassador the occasion was perfect, and nothing was lacking
- But things were far from perfect as Elizabeth was the child of a second marriage
- The Imperial ambassador refused to attend the baptism and refused to recognise Anne Boleyn as Henry VIII’s wife – referring to Anne as whore and Elizabeth as bastard
- “Hot but not hot enough” – one ambassador when asked if the baby Elizabeth had been baptised in hot or cold water
- Henry VIII divorced his first wife Katherine of Aragon because she didn’t give him a son
- Anne had a stillborn baby boy after 2 miscarriages
- Anne had failed in her principle duty and Henry had fallen in love with another woman
- Anne was accused of multiple adultery with 4 men and incest with her brother
- Anne was executed on Tower Green on 19 May 1536 with a single stroke of a sword rather than an axe
- Elizabeth was only aged 3 when her mother was executed
- Elizabeth seems to have airbrushed her mother from her memory and her father filled her world instead
- Henry and Anne’s marriage was declared null and void
- Elizabeth was made illegitimate and unable to inherit the throne
- She became Lady Elizabeth, second bastard daughter of the king
- Elizabeth’s governess didn’t know what to do and wrote to Cromwell for guidance on Elizabeth’s treatment and clothes
- No one could forget that Elizabeth was Anne’s daughter and it was to marry Anne that Henry had broken with Rome
- The monasteries had fallen victim to Henry’s desire to marry Anne – assets were seized, and the buildings destroyed
- Glastonbury Abbey was one of those that fell
- There was also spiritual damage – out of the ruins would form a new faith which would divide his country and his family
- Just over a year after his marriage to Jane Seymour she gave him a son and heir – Edward
- Elizabeth and Mary were minor royals
- Elizabeth also lost her governess, Lady Bryan, who was transferred to look after the new baby prince
- Kat Ashley replaced Lady Bryan and she became close to Elizabeth
- Her father rarely saw her as she was brought up away from the court
In the Tudor world, the month of May tends to be seen as Anne Boleyn month where the internet (and me, I have to admit!) goes a bit bananas over Henry VIII’s second wife. Of course, she was executed on the 19th of the month in 1536 on what is now generally accepted as fabricated charges of adultery, incest and treason. Those hellish weeks were immortalised in verse by Sir Thomas Wyatt the Younger:
“These bloody days have broken my heart.
My lust, my youth did them depart,
And blind desire of estate.
Who hastes to climb seeks to revert.
Of truth, circa Regna tonat.”Thomas Wyatt, ‘Circa Regna Tonat’
Those chilling last words translate from the Latin to “thunder rolls around the throne” – well it certainly did when Henry VIII was sitting on the throne.
But what else happened in May in England in the Tudor period?
- 3rd May 1544 – Thomas Wriothesley was made Lord Chancellor of England
- 4th May 1547 – Katherine Parr married her fourth husband, Thomas Seymour
- 6th May 1541 – Henry VIII ordered a new Bible placed in every church
- 8th May 1559 – Elizabeth I assented to new Acts of Supremacy and Uniformity
- 9th May 1509 – Henry VII’s body was taken to St Paul’s Cathedral from his place of death at Richmond Palace
- 10th May 1533 – The Dunstable enquiry opened under Archbishop Cranmer which resulted in the annulment of Henry VIII’s marriage to Katherine of Aragon
- 11th May 1500 – Birth of Reginald Pole, later Archbishop of Canterbury under Mary I
- 13th May 1516 – Henry VIII’s sister, Mary Tudor, married Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk at Greenwich Palace
- 15th May 1567 – Mary Queen of Scots married James Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell
- 16th May 1532 – Thomas More resigned as Lord Chancellor of England
- 17th May 1521 – Execution of Edward Stafford, Duke of Buckingham, for treason
- 19th May 1499 – Katherine of Aragon was married by proxy to Prince Arthur, elder brother of Henry VIII
- 19th May 1554 – Mary I released Princess Elizabeth from imprisonment in the Tower of London
- 25th May 1553 – Jane Grey married Guildford Dudley
- 26th May 1520 – Henry VIII and Katherine of Aragon met the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at Dover
- 27th May 1541 – Execution of Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury, for treason
- 29th May 1543 – Katherine Parr’s ‘Prayers’ or ‘Meditations’ was published
- 30th May 1529 – The court at Blackfriars opened to try the marriage of Henry VIII and Katherine of Aragon
- 30th May 1536 – Henry VIII married Jane Seymour
So why Anne Boleyn?
With all these other events happening in May, why the focus on Anne Boleyn? Possibly because her fall was so spectacular and her execution so unexpected. Never before had an English queen been executed, and there was so much controversy surrounding the charges and the men accused with her. I mean, incest? And not just adultery with one man, but five, one her own brother? Unparalleled and shocking and still so many unanswered questions which draw historians back to her time after time, year after year.
Fascination with the unanswered and inherently shocking will never go away, no matter how old the mystery, and this one is now 484 years old.
Other posts which discuss Anne Boleyn
Undergraduate Dissertation Chapter – Why Did Anne Boleyn Fall from Power?
In Memory of Anne Boleyn – Why Does She Still Fascinate Us?
The Legacy of Anne Boleyn
I thought I’d do a walkthrough of my history bookshelves, as pictures on my Instagram of different books that I’ve bought or been sent by publishers are always very popular. If there’s one thing I’ve learnt through the #HistoryGirls community on Instagram, it’s that historians and history lovers are always looking for new reading material!
And, no, before anyone asks, I haven’t read all of these yet. I’m steadily working my way through them. I’ve had some very lovely publishers (The History Press and Pen & Sword Books) send me some complimentary copies for review and these are currently top of my list, though this lockdown has slowed me down rather than speeding me up! I promise, I will get there.
Shelf 1 – Monarchy and Wars of the Roses
This shelf starts with my books on the monarchy in general, before moving onto the Plantagenets, Wars of the Roses, Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville, the Princes in the Tower, and Richard III.
From left to right:
- John Burke – An Illustrated History of England
- David Loades – The Kings and Queens of England
- J.P. Brooke-Little – Royal Heraldry: Beasts and Badges of Britain
- The Royal Line of Succession: Official Souvenir Guide
- Andrew Gimson – Kings and Queens: Brief Lives of the Monarchs Since 1066
- David Starkey – Monarchy: England and Her Rulers from the Tudors to the Windsors
- Mike Ashley – A Brief History of British Kings and Queens
- Elizabeth Norton – She Wolves: The Notorious Queens of England
- Alison Weir – Britain’s Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy
- Peter Ackroyd – History of England Volume 1: Foundation
- E.F. Jacob – The Fifteenth Century 1399-1485
- Ian Mortimer – The Time Traveller’s Guide to Medieval England
- Desmond Seward – The Demon’s Brood: The Plantagenet Dynasty That Forged the English Nation
- David Grummitt – A Short History of the Wars of the Roses
- Desmond Seward – A Brief History of the Wars of the Roses
- Sarah Gristwood – Blood Sisters: The Women Behind the Wars of the Roses
- Michael Jones – Bosworth 1485: Psychology of a Battle
- John Ashdown-Hill – Elizabeth Widville: Edward IV’s Chief Mistress and the ‘Pink Queen’
- Amy Licence – Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville: A True Romance
- Jeffrey James – Edward IV: Glorious Son of York
- Andrew Beattie – Following in the Footsteps of the Princes in the Tower
- Alison Weir – The Princes in the Tower
- David Horspool – Richard III: A Ruler and His Reputation
- Philippa Langley & Michael Jones – The Search for Richard III: The King’s Grave
- Michael Hicks – The Family of Richard III
- Kristie Dean – The World of Richard III
- Amy Licence – Richard III: The Road to Leicester
- Matthew Lewis – Richard III: Fact and Fiction
- Peter A. Hancock – Richard III and the Murder in the Tower
- Matthew Lewis – Richard III: Loyalty Binds Me
Shelf 2 – General Tudors and Henry VII
This shelf consists of all my books on the Tudor dynasty as a whole, then just manages to start Henry VII and Elizabeth of York on the end.
From left to right:
- David Loades – Chronicles of the Tudor Kings
- Frances Wilkins – Growing Up in Tudor Times
- Peter Marsden – 1545: Who Sank the Mary Rose?
- Rosemary Weinstein – Tudor London
- Peter Ackroyd – The History of the England Volume 2: Tudors
- Amy Licence – In Bed with the Tudors: The Sex Lives of a Dynasty from Elizabeth of York to Elizabeth I
- Leanda de Lisle – Tudor: The Family Story
- David Loades – The Tudors: History of a Dynasty
- Chris Skidmore – The Rise of the Tudors: The Family That Changed English History
- Terry Breverton – Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About the Tudors But Were Afraid to Ask
- Tracy Borman – The Private Lives of the Tudors
- Timothy Venning – An Alternative History of Britain: The Tudors
- Kirsten Claiden-Yardley – The Man Behind the Tudors: Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk
- A Guide to Tudor and Jacobean Portraits
- John Matusiak – A History of the Tudors in 100 Objects
- David Loades – The Tudor Queens of England
- Alex Woolf – The Tudor Kings and Queens
- Carola Hicks – The King’s Glass: A Story of Tudor Power and Secret Art
- J.D. Mackie – The Earlier Tudors 1485-1558
- Annie Bullen – The Little Book of the Tudors
- Alison Weir – The Lost Tudor Princess
- Alison Plowden – The House of Tudor
- Dave Tonge – Tudor Folk Tales
- Jane Bingham – The Tudors: The Kings and Queens of England’s Golden Age
- Elizabeth Norton – The Lives of Tudor Women
- Ruth Goodman – How to be a Tudor
- Jasper Ridley – A Brief History of the Tudor Age
- G.J. Meyer – The Tudors: The Complete Story of England’s Most Notorious Dynasty
- John Guy – The Tudors: A Very Short Introduction
- Christopher Morris – The Tudors
- Phil Carradice – Following in the Footsteps of Henry Tudor
Shelf 3 – Henry VIII and the Six Wives
This shelf has the rest of my books about Henry VII and Elizabeth of York, all of my Henry VIII books and those overarching books about the Six Wives.
From left to right:
- Thomas Penn – Winter King: The Dawn of Tudor England
- Alison Weir – Elizabeth of York: The First Tudor Queen
- Joan MacAlpine – The Shadow of the Tower: Henry VII and His Background
- David Loades – Henry VIII
- David Starkey – Henry: Virtuous Prince
- John Matusiak – Martyrs of Henry VIII: Repression, Defiance, Sacrifice
- J.J. Scarisbrick – Henry VIII
- George Cavendish – The Life of Cardinal Wolsey
- John Guy – The Children of Henry VIII
- Robert Hutchinson – Young Henry: The Rise of Henry VIII
- Alison Weir – Children of England: The Heirs of King Henry VIII
- John Matusiak – Henry VIII: The Life and Rule of England’s Nero
- Philippa Jones – The Other Tudors: Henry VIII’s Mistresses and Bastards
- Kelly Hart – The Mistresses of Henry VIII
- Alison Weir – Henry VIII: King and Court
- David Starkey – The Reign of Henry VIII: Personalities and Politics
- Robert Hutchinson – Thomas Cromwell: The Rise and Fall of Henry VIII’s Most Notorious Minister
- Derek Wilson – A Brief History of Henry VIII
- Robert Hutchinson – The Last Days of Henry VIII
- Sarah Morris & Natalie Grueninger – In the Footsteps of the Six Wives of Henry VIII
- Amy Licence – The Six Wives and Many Mistresses of Henry VIII
- Karen Lindsey – Divorced, Beheaded, Survived: A Feminist Reinterpretation of the Wives of Henry VIII
- Alison Weir – The Six Wives of Henry VIII
- Lauren Mackay – Inside the Tudor Court: Henry VIII and His Six Wives Through the Eyes of the Spanish Ambassador
- Antonia Fraser – The Six Wives of Henry VIII
- David Starkey – Six Wives: The Queens of Henry VIII
Shelf 4 – Six Wives
This shelf is broken down into books on each of the Six Wives – Katherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn (by far the biggest section, as you can see!), Jane Seymour (zero books), Anne of Cleves (zero books), Katherine Howard and Katherine Parr.
From left to right:
- David Loades – The Six Wives of Henry VIII
- Amy Licence – Catherine of Aragon: An Intimate Life of Henry VIII’s True Wife
- Giles Tremlett – Catherine of Aragon: Henry’s Spanish Queen
- Patrick Williams – Katharine of Aragon
- Paul Friedmann – Anne Boleyn
- Elizabeth Norton – Anne Boleyn: In Her Own Words and the Words of Those Who Knew Her
- Alison Weir – The Lady in the Tower: The Fall of Anne Boleyn
- Elizabeth Norton – The Boleyn Women: The Tudor Femmes Fatales Who Changed English History
- David Loades – The Boleyns: The Rise and Fall of a Tudor Family
- Amy Licence – Anne Boleyn: Adultery, Heresy, Desire
- Lissa Chapman – Anne Boleyn in London
- Lacey Baldwin Smith – Anne Boleyn: The Queen of Controversy
- Susan Bordo – The Creation of Anne Boleyn: In Search of the Tudors’ Most Notorious Queen
- Alison Weir – Mary Boleyn: The Great and Infamous Whore
- Carolly Erickson – Mistress Anne
- Eric Ives – The Life and Death of Anne Boleyn
- Francis Bacon – The Tragedy of Anne Boleyn
- Love Letters of Henry VIII to Anne Boleyn
- Retha Warnicke – The Rise and Fall of Anne Boleyn
- Josephine Wilkinson – Mary Boleyn: The True Story of Henry VIII’s Favourite Mistress
- Josephine Wilkinson – Anne Boleyn: The Young Queen to Be
- Elizabeth Norton – Anne Boleyn: Henry VIII’s Obsession
- G.W. Bernard – Anne Boleyn: Fatal Attractions
- Joanna Denny – Anne Boleyn
- Marie Louise Bruce – Anne Boleyn
- Josephine Wilkinson – Katherine Howard: The Tragic Story of Henry VIII’s Fifth Queen
- Conor Byrne – Katherine Howard: Henry VIII’s Slandered Queen
- Robert Hutchinson – House of Treason: The Rise and Fall of a Tudor Dynasty
- Linda Porter – Katherine the Queen: The Remarkable Life of Katherine Parr, the Last Wife of Henry VIII
Shelf 5 – The Later Tudors
This shelf goes through Edward VI, Jane Grey, Mary I and Elizabeth I, onto Mary Queen of Scots and the English Reformation. As you can probably tell from the number of books on the later Tudors compared to the likes of Henry VIII, my primary focus is on the earlier period.
From left to right:
- Hester Chapman – The Last Tudor King: A Study of Edward VI
- Leanda de Lisle – The Sisters Who Would Be Queen: Mary, Katherine and Lady Jane Grey
- Nicola Tallis – Crown of Blood: The Deadly Inheritance of Lady Jane Grey
- Alison Plowden – Lady Jane Grey: Nine Days Queen
- Anna Whitelock – Mary Tudor: Princess, Bastard, Queen
- Phil Carradice – Bloody Mary: Tudor Terror 1553-1558
- J.A. Froude – The Reign of Mary Tudor
- Alison Plowden – Elizabethan England
- David Cecil – The Cecils of Hatfield House
- Robert Stedall – Elizabeth I’s Secret Lover: Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester
- John Guy – Elizabeth: The Forgotten Years
- Anna Whitelock – Elizabeth’s Bedfellows: An Intimate History of the Queen’s Court
- Carole Levin – The Heart and Stomach of a King: Elizabeth I and the Politics of Sex and Power
- J.B. Black – The Reign of Elizabeth 1558-1603
- David Birt – Elizabeth’s England
- Robert Hutchinson – Elizabeth’s Spymaster: Francis Walsingham and the Secret War That Saved England
- David Starkey – Elizabeth
- Nicola Tallis – Elizabeth’s Rival: The Tumultuous Tale of Lettice Knollys, Countess of Leicester
- Chris Skidmore – Death and the Virgin: Elizabeth, Dudley and the Mysterious Fate of Amy Robsart
- Alison Weir – Elizabeth the Queen
- David & Judy Steel – Mary Stuart’s Scotland
- Mary Was Here: Where Mary Queen of Scots Went and What She Did There
- Antonia Fraser – Mary Queen of Scots
- Lynda Telford – Tudor Victims of the Reformation
- Diarmaid MacCulloch – Reformation: Europe’s House Divided 1490-1700
- Derek Wilson – A Brief History of the English Reformation
Shelf 6 – Palaces and Places
The bottom shelf currently stores largely my guidebooks and BBC History magazines, along with a couple of my more general history books.
From left to right:
- David Souden – The Royal Palaces of London
- Christopher Hibbert – Tower of London
- The Private Life of Palaces
- Simon Thurley – Houses of Power: The Places That Shaped the Tudor World
- Suzannah Lipscomb – A Journey Through Tudor England
- Nigel Jones – Tower: An Epic History of the Tower of London
- Terry Deary – The Peasants’ Revolting … Crimes
- Merry Wiesner-Hanks – Women and Gender in Early Modern Europe
- Richard III and Henry VII Experience in York
- Belsay Hall, Castle and Gardens
- Framlingham Castle
- The Jewel Tower
- The Palace of Westminster
- Westminster Abbey
- The Church of Saint Michael at Framlingham
- St George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle
- Tower of London
- Hampton Court Palace
- The Mary Rose
- Imperial War Museum London
- Windsor Castle
- Tower Bridge
Are there any books missing that you would thoroughly recommend? Sound off in the comments!
On hallowed ground… With over three thousand burials and memorials, including seventeen monarchs, life for the ghostly community of Westminster Abbey was never going to be a quiet one. Add in some fiery Tudor tempers, and several centuries-old feuds, and things can only go one way: chaotic. Against the backdrop of England’s most important church, though, it isn’t all tempers and tantrums. Poets’ Corner hosts poetry battles and writing workshops, and close friendships form across the ages. With the arrival of Mary Queen of Scots, however, battle ensues. Will Queens Mary I and Elizabeth I ever find their common ground, and lasting peace? [Description from Amazon UK]
Kindred Spirits #3
Another great novel from Jennifer Wilson. I absolutely adore this series, and I’m really hoping for a book eventually set around Windsor with Henry VIII, Jane Seymour, Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville. I think that would be great. I did thoroughly enjoy this installment in the series though because there were so many different characters from different periods coming together and it was interesting to see how those relationships developed.
This one focuses on the kings and queens, and literary and scientific minds buried or commemorated at Westminster. I loved the developing relationship between Richard III and Henry VII and I understand that this is explored more in the fourth book in the series based in York. As for the relationship between Mary I and Elizabeth I, I can imagine that this is actually how the two would have been in real life had they been raised as siblings rather than rivals for the throne. All siblings argue and fight, but these two took it to the next level.
It’s history but not as we know and Wilson’s knowledge of and passion for medieval and early modern history is obvious as she brings historical figures into the present, without losing the sense of who they were in their own time. One of my favourite moments was when Anne of Cleves snuck onto the Abbey computer to alter her Wikipedia page and any references to ‘Flander’s Mare’, and the reappearance of Richard III, who I loved in ‘Kindred Spirits: Tower of London’.
This series is so unique, and very cleverly done. You can tell that a great amount of research has gone into the book, as there are little titbits of historical fact, as well as the ghosts trying to dispel, or arguing about, rumours swirling about their lives. It’s really interesting to read and imagine what these historical figures would think about how we view them today, and what they would make of today’s world, incredibly distant from what they knew in their lives. I want more, please, Jennifer!?
Another bonus is that is was written by an author who lives in the same area as me! Well-written and worth a read for anyone with an interest in historical fiction, or historical ghost stories, rumours and a bit of humour thrown in!
Timothy Venning, An Alternative History of Britain: the Tudors (Barnsley: Pen and Sword Books, 2014) ISBN 9781783462728
Thank you to Pen and Sword Books for the chance to read this book in exchange for an honest review.
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I had been wanting to read this book for a while, so when I was given the chance to get a review copy, I was thrilled! I also wasn’t disappointed, as I thought that this book was thoroughly engaging and I just wanted to keep reading. The chapters each deal with a separate issue running chronologically through the Tudor period, though I could have done with more around Henry VII and the rebellions against his reign – what could have happened had one of them succeeded?
The sections I found particularly interesting were the ones on Henry VIII’s tiltyard accident of January 1536 and Jane Grey. They are two instances which have always really interested me, as it has been suggested that Henry’s tiltyard accident resulted in a change of personality and, had Jane Grey managed to hold onto the throne, would we still have had Queen Elizabeth I? There are questions stemming from questions in this book, and it covers a lot of the major possibilities, while also intertwining some of the more minor decisions that were made.
On International Women’s Day I thought I would give the lowdown on some of my favourite Tudor ladies – Anne Boleyn, Anne of Cleves, Jane Grey and Elizabeth I. All were queen in one way or another, and were strong successful women in their own ways. Here I look at some of the highlights of their lives, and why I enjoy studying them so much.
Anne Boleyn seems to be a popular choice for people’s favourite wife of Henry VIII or favourite Tudor queen in general. But why? She is controversial, inspired great devotion alive and dead, and was (it is widely accepted) innocent of the crimes for which she was executed. However, Katherine Howard was also executed, and it isn’t sure that she was entirely guilty of that which she was accused of, but she doesn’t get the same kind of following or academic interest.
For me, what makes Anne Boleyn so interesting is that she was a woman, not quite out of her time, but looking to the future. She realised that women were capable of so much more than had been believed, and she had seen women take power and rule – namely Margaret of Austria – and women who enjoyed learning and bettered themselves – Marguerite of Navarre.
Anne has taught me to be myself and not to be afraid to show my intelligence as she did.
Phil Carradice, Bloody Mary: Tudor Terror 1553-1558 (Barnsley: Pen and Sword Books, 2018) ISBN 9781526728654
Thank you to Pen and Sword Books for the chance to read this book in exchange for an honest review.
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I was pleasantly surprised when I saw how short this book was, that it managed to cram in so much detail. There are so many little details throughout the book that I didn’t expect. It’s a great introduction to the reign of Mary I, and especially her role in the Catholic Counter-Reformation in England in the 1550s. There is lots of detail about the Protestant martyrs of her reign who I didn’t really know much about to be honest, but I do now!
I especially enjoyed the introductory section about Foxe’s Book of Martyrs, and the section about Thomas Cranmer’s recantation and execution. John Foxe’s book lists many of the people who were killed under Mary I as Protestant martyrs, and their beliefs and executions are covered in a surprising amount of detail. I haven’t yet got around to reading Foxe’s Book of Martyrs, just dipping in and out for assignments and blog posts, but this makes me want to spend more time with it.
- What role do faith and religion play during the time period represented in The Last Tudor? What is the relationship between religion and politics, and how does this relationship affect the cultural climate of England? Is the country mostly united in their faith or divided? What impact does this have on the royals of England?
- After the Henrician Reformation, there was the mid-Tudor crisis, already with differences of faith across England.
- Edward VI was a devout Protestant as he had been raised, Mary I was a devout Catholic as her mother Katherine of Aragon had been, and Elizabeth I looked for a middle way in religion having seen the chaos of her brother’s and sister’s reigns.
- Edward VI altered his Device for the Succession to stop Mary I succeeding to the throne and returning the English church to Rome.
- Politics was based on religion – generally people who supported Edward VI and Jane Grey were protestant, and those who supported Mary I were Catholic, although Mary I did at first also attract the support of protestants as the real claimant to the throne by Henry VIII’s will.
- What is “the true religion” according to Lady Jane Grey? Why does Jane believe that she and her family do not need to earn their place in heaven as others do? Does her faith ultimately serve her well? Discuss.
- Jane Grey believes the true religion is protestant – each is influenced in religion in the way that they were raised.
- Protestants believe in pre-destination – that it is already decided whether you go to heaven or hell before you’re even born and you can’t influence that through good works.
- Good works leading to heaven is a Catholic doctrine.
- Jane Grey relies on her faith and it ultimately helps her to die, but she wouldn’t have been in that situation in the first place if she wasn’t staunchly Protestant.
- Edward VI settles the succession on Jane Grey because she is Protestant, rather than his Catholic half-sister Mary I.
Also published on my sister blog bookbloggerish.wordpress.com
The riveting story of Margaret Pole, daughter of George, Duke of Clarence, and was one of the few surviving members of the Plantagenet dynasty after the Wars of the Roses. Plantagenet, once carried proudly by Margaret like a crown upon her head, is now, at the end of the 15th century, the most dangerous name in England… [Description from Waterstones]
This book of Philippa Gregory’s came as a pleasant surprise to me. Some of her books really hit the mark and are addictive, but some I struggle to read at all. This wasn’t one I struggled with – the first third of the book in particular I was hooked with, as Margaret Pole struggled to deal with the fate of her brother, Warwick, and the supposed curse enacted on the Tudors for the murder of the Princes in the Tower.
I think that the characterisation of Margaret Pole was interesting as there isn’t really a lot of emphasis on her in fictional portrayals of the Tudors, and there aren’t many biographies either, which is strange as she lived from the reign of Edward IV through Edward V, Richard III, Henry VII, and most of the way through the reign of Henry VIII. Her family was the last of the Plantagenets (aka the White Rose) and she was executed for treason, along with her father, brother and son.
- Jane Seymour often overlooked – Henry called her his true love
- Taught Henry the importance of family, battled to reunite him with his daughter and gave him a son and heir
- Cruel twist of fate – Jane was snatched from him
- Death and betrayal turned Henry into a bitter and cruel man
- Made his most disastrous marriage to Anne of Cleves
- 1536 Henry VIII was aged 44, divorced one wife and other in the Tower awaiting execution for adultery and incest
- Anne’s infidelity humiliated Henry and cast doubt over his sexual prowess
- While Anne was in the Tower Henry tried to find her replacement
- Jane Seymour caught the king’s eye, age 24 and had served both Katherine of Aragon anf Anne Boleyn
- Virtuous, unassuming and honest
- Henry sent Jane a letter but she sent it back unopened – wanted to make an honourable marriage
- Henry’s chivalrous side and aroused his desire
- Once Henry set his mind on having something he would do anything to get it
- Henry courted Jane in earnest – before Anne Boleyn was executed Jane was in sight as wife number 3
- 19 May 1536 Anne Boleyn beheaded on Tower Green
- Anne still hoped for a last minute reprieve and mercy from Henry who had loved her but Henry had already switched his affections to Jane
- Henry and Jane were planning their future together
- Less than 24 hours after Anne’s death Henry and Jane were engaged
- No record of how Jane reacted to Anne’s beheading but didn’t hesitate to step over Anne to the throne
- Far steelier than anyone realised
- 11 days after Anne’s beheading Henry and Jane married, Henry in love
- Not everyone shared Henry’s affection for Jane
- Chapuys reported that Jane was of middling stature and no great beauty, proud and haughty, of no great wit
- Why did Henry marry Jane? Had previously been married to 2 attractive and intelligent women
- Henry liked Jane because she was so different – compassionate, loyal and do what he told her without question