Story of past open to interpretation
Carefully edited and deceitful version of events
Not just a version of what happened – more a tapestry of different stories woven together by whoever was in power at the time
Wars of the Roses was invented by the Tudors to justify their power
Immortalised by Shakespeare – darkest chapter in English history
Lancaster and York locked in battle for the crown of England – kings deposed, innocent children murdered, cousin fought against cousin
1485 Richard III slain and Henry Tudor took the throne
Henry VII’s victory hailed the ending of the Medieval period
Line between fact and fiction often gets blurred
Late 16th Century portrait of Richard III, housed in the National Portrait Gallery.
1455 Stubbins in Lancashire scene of a legendary battle in the Wars of the Roses beginning with volleys of arrows but ran out of ammunition
Lancastrians pelted the Yorkists with black pudding – local legend
Yorkists pelted the Lancastrians with Yorkshire puddings – local legend
Wars of the Roses in national memory
History books – rivalry between Lancaster (red rose) and York (white rose) – bloody rivalry largely a creation of the Tudors
1461 bloodshed real in the middle of a snowstorm at Towton
Lancastrians started out well but tide turned against them, chased by the Yorkists down the slope to a river and so a massacre began
Blood stained the snow red, so location became known as the bloody meadow
Shakespeare portrayed the battle as a bloody Armageddon – represented a country torn apart by war, nothing as bad in our history
Somme 19,000 British soldiers killed on the first day, Towton 28,000 killed
20 years ago Bradford University revealed barbarity of fighting with remains of 43 men killed at Towton
Head forced down into the spine, poleaxes – exceptional even for the Wars of the Roses
Skirmishes, but real battles only around 8 in 30 years
Not ravaged by all-out war – later myth
Out of 32 years of wars, fighting on lasted a total of 13 weeks
Continue reading “Documentary Notes – British History’s Biggest Fibs with Lucy Worsley: the Wars of the Roses”
One of the most turbulent and violent periods in Britain’s history.
1461 Henry VI had the throne snatched away by young and charismatic Edward IV – he was helped to the throne by Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick – the Kingmaker.
It took Edward 7 years to learn that to save the country a good king must do bad things.
3 months after Richard Duke of York’s death Edward IV takes his revenge on the king.
The bloodiest battle on English soil ends (Towton) and Edward IV succeeds as the king and queen’s forces have been wiped out and Henry VI and his family are forced to flee to Scotland.
28000 men slaughtered in 10 hours, pretty much half of the troops involved in the fight.
Edward declared king in 1461, aged just 18 – 12th plantagenet king of England.
Edward needs to end the violence, assisted by Warwick, to make the country stable and safe.
Continue reading “Britain’s Bloody Crown Part 2 14.01.2016”
October 1399 8
th Plantagenet king Richard II taken down the Thames – 1400 found starved to death.
Henry IV in the National Portrait Gallery from the 16th century
Henry of Bolingbroke – Henry IV = right of kings undermined and whole dynasties collapsed – turned against each other and ended with the destruction of the dynasty.
1380s peasant’s revolt – Richard II forced to flee to the Tower.
Trigger = tax for war against the French.
Revolt against king’s councillors.
Simon Sudbury, Archbishop of Canterbury, seized and executed. The day after Richard met with the rebels, led by Watt Tyler. Tyler killed in a scuffle by the mayor of London.
Richard single-handedly halted rebellion = god-given right to rule.
Royal displays of kingship. Continue reading “My Notes from the third part of ‘The Plantagenets’ shown 31.03.2014 on BBC”